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Breeding birds on Mingulay
Breeding birds on Mingulay
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Mingulay and Berneray together hold the largest colony of Razorbills in the British Isles, around 15% of the Euopean population.


The western face of Berneray is the largest assemblage of razorbills on a single cliff face recorded anywhere. Whereas in other colonies they normally occur scattered amongst other species, here they form the dominant bird present.


Seabird Species Mingulay Berneray Totals

Northern Fulmar

11,906 6,794 30,046
European Shag 262 98 792
Herring Gull 2 0 18
Lesser Black-backed Gull 4 0 8
Great Black-backed Gull 68 0 134
Arctic Tern 16 0 140
Common Tern 0 0 12
Black-Legged Kittiwake 3,312 4,070 9,948
Great Skua 142 0 88
Common Guillemot


37,323 59,449
Razorbill 6,329 26,236 42,265
Atlantic Puffin 2,636 5,036 9,180



79,577 155,080

The count shown in the table was taken in 2012 for Mingulay and 2003 for Berneray. The birds nesting on Mingulay have declined markedly since 2003 and it is likely that the same will be true of Berneray.

Common Guillemots are spread generally across the western cliffs while the Black-legged Kittiwakes assemble in colonies on the most vertical, or even overhanging, sections.

Puffins nest along the tops of the cliffs all around the island but there is also a large colony on the northern slopes of the bay above the village on Mingulay.



The abandoned village is partially buried in drifting sands.

During 2012, a project to investigate improved methods for counting puffins was started.

   Download 2013 report