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Colourful butterflies are welcome visitors to NTS gardens, which provide a huge variety of flowers on which they can feed and a haven against many of the pesticides used in the surrounding farmland. But it is in the wider countryside that many of our rarer species can be found and where active measures are being taken to conserve them.

At St Abbs Head National Nature Reserve, the rare Northern Brown Argus depends on wild flowers in the coastal grassland. Careful control of the grazing has allowed these to flourish, especially the common rock-rose which is the butterfly's main food plant.

Small and Large Pearl-bordered Fritillaries are found in upland areas and the control of grazing to produce woodland mosaics is an important way of encouraging their spread. They can be seen at many properties including Ben Lawers, Mar Lodge and Ben Lomond.

The striking black and red burnet moths are a prominent feature of several coastal properties and also benefit from management of a range of flowering plants in the grassland. The very rare Slender Scotch Burnet can only be found in Western Mull, particularly at Burg, while the Transparent Burnet also flourishes at Canna.