As a result, this corner of Scotland developed distinct traditions and architecture.
The Trust has five properties in the Kingdom of Fife. Balmerino Abbey overlooks the mighty River Tay towards Dundee, although this magnificent 13th-century monastery is now an atmospheric ruin.
The opulent Falkland Palace was one of Mary, Queen of Scots’ favourite places.
The opulence of Falkland Palace is a reminder of the royal significance this property once held. The pleasure ground and rural residence of the Stuart monarchs for over 200 years, Falkland Palace was one of Mary, Queen of Scots’ favourite places – and no wonder.
Hill of Tarvit Mansion is a wonderful example of upper-class Edwardian living. Built for a Dundee jute baron in 1906, this house had all mod cons, including central heating, electricity and telephones connecting each room. A few years later, the owner added a 9-hole hickory golf course, which is now in perfect playing order.
Kellie Castle was once the home of the youngest daughter of Robert the Bruce. The castle was saved from ruin by the artistic Lorimer family in the late 19th century, who restored many medieval features – and added their own Arts & Crafts touches, including a stunning mural by Phoebe Anna Traquair.
Culross is Scotland’s most complete example of a burgh of the 17th and 18th centuries.
The Trust also looks after a whole range of buildings in the Royal Burgh of Culross. Designated an Outstanding Conservation Area, Culross is Scotland’s most complete example of a burgh of the 17th and 18th centuries, with its white-harled and red-tiled houses, cobbled streets and ochre-coloured palace dominating the town square.