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Atllantic Puffin
Atllantic Puffin
Atlantic Puffin sites cared for by the Trust
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St Kilda World Heritage Site

St Kilda

Europe's largest colony of Atlantic Puffins nest on St. Kilda.

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Difficult to survey accurately in their burrows, the largest colony in Europe is at St Kilda, with around a quarter of the European population.

Other large colonies are to be found at Fair Isle and Mingulay, though there are good opportunities to see them at Staffa and St Abbs.


Sand eels, sprat, herring, mackerel, capelin, cod, haddock, whiting, saithe, pollack, rockling. Dives not exceeding 15m and most prey caught near surface with fish stacked crosswise in bill usual load of 5-10 small fish or one large one.

Nest site

Nests on upper area of cliffs and on sea stacks in burrows on steep talus slopes, crevices and fissures where soft croaking can be heard during breeding season.


Mid April to mid June and one egg laid.


North Sea and Bay of Biscay, Atlantic coast of Iberia, western Mediterranean, and Morocco.


Mainly west coast of UK and southern Ireland, Russia, Norway, Bear Island, Iceland.

Other Information

Spectacular colouration and confiding nature make puffins one of our most popular seabirds.

Other Auk family birds at Trust sites