The results of an excavation can be improved if other research work is carried out. Such work includes documentary research, geophysical survey, finds analyses, human bones, vegetation studies and dating finds.

Geophysics uses three main techniques to reveal structures beneath the ground. The detailed analyses of objects, human bones and soil samples can provide information about people who once lived or died on the site. Radiocarbon dating (of organic remains) helps archaeologists to date a site.

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