Excavation or digging is the process by which archaeologists recover evidence about the past. These remains may be features (such as pits, post holes, walls, floors, etc) or artefacts (objects made by people). During a dig, layers of soil are scraped back, one by one, revealing earlier and earlier remains. Excavation is a very careful and detailed process.

Young people may get involved with a real archaeological dig through the Young Archaeologists Clubs, or you could contact your local museum or council archaeologists. Adults may also work as volunteers on some excavations – the National Trust for Scotland archaeologists are pleased to work with volunteers.

Click here to download All about archaeology (PDF)

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